What is intrauterine insemination (IUI)?
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a relatively simple procedure in which a catheter is inserted through the cervix to inject the prepared ejaculate (sperm) into the patient's uterus. IUI is performed in our ordination and is a painless procedure that does not require any anesthesia and lasts approximately five minutes. The most common side effect is mild uterine cramps on the day of the procedure.
It is the simplest and least invasive procedure of medically assisted fertilization, which can help with conception in simpler cases of infertility. The success rate of insemination at the New Life Polyclinic is 15%.
Step 1 - First visit
At the first visit, our doctor will perform a gynecological examination of the woman, and the partner will do a spermiogram. If these two findings are satisfactory, your doctor will instruct you to prepare for the insemination procedure.
Step 2 - Ovarian stimulation
Ovarian stimulation begins on the 2nd or 3rd day of a woman's menstrual cycle and lasts a total of 10-12 days. During this period, you come for an ultrasound examination 2-3 times so that the doctor can examine the growth of the follicle and check the level of certain hormones. When the follicle reaches a certain size, you are given an injection of the hormone hCG, which induces ovulation, and you are scheduled to “Inesemination” within 36 hours at our clinic.
Step 3 - Preparation of sperm
On the day of insemination, the partner gives a sperm sample, which is processed in the embryology laboratory. The sperm preparation procedure allows our embryologist to choose the sperm that are best so that the insemination process itself has the greatest chance of success.
Step 4 - Insemination procedure
The insemination procedure is painless, non-invasive and does not require anesthesia. It is performed in such a way that the doctor sets the speculum, and the sperm sample is inserted directly into the woman's uterus with a catheter.
Afterwards the patient can go home and the doctor advises her to continue her daily routines. High-intensity physical work is not recommended.
Step 5 - Pregnancy test
A pregnancy test is performed 12 days after IUI. If conception has occurred, approximately two weeks after the pregnancy test, the ultrasound can confirm the pregnancy, and sometimes you can even hear the baby's heartbeat.